Daily Archives: 2019-12-17

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turnserver配置

下面是找到的一个唯一可用的turnserver的配置,网上大部分是无法使用的

2 部署问题

2.1 turn网络报错errno=99

2.1.1 描述

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bind: Cannot assign requested address 209: Trying to bind fd 429 to <xx.xx.xx.xx:58896>: errno=99

2.1.2 解决方法

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# 修改配置文件:/etc/network/interfaces.d/50-cloud-init.cfg 添加 eth0:0 的外网IP配置
 
auto eth0:0
iface eth0:0 inet static
    address <外网IP>
    netmask 255.255.255.0
    post-up route add default gw xx.xx.xx.xx || true
    pre-down route del default gw xx.xx.xx.xx || true
 
 
# 重启网络 /etc/init.d/networking restart
 
ifconfig
 
 
...
eth0:0    Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx
          inet addr:{IP1}  Bcast:152.136.63.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1

附录:完整的配置文件

turnserver.config

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# they do not support STUN RFC 5780 functionality (CHANGE REQUEST).
#
# 2) Auxiliary servers also are never returning ALTERNATIVE-SERVER reply.
# 
# Valid formats are 1.2.3.4:5555 for IPv4 and [1:2::3:4]:5555 for IPv6.
#
# There may be multiple aux-server options, each will be used for listening
# to client requests.
#
#aux-server=101.200.12.36:3478
#aux-server=[2607:f0d0:1002:51::4]:33478
 
# (recommended for older Linuxes only)
# Automatically balance UDP traffic over auxiliary servers (if configured).
# The load balancing is using the ALTERNATE-SERVER mechanism.
# The TURN client must support 300 ALTERNATE-SERVER response for this 
# functionality.
#
#udp-self-balance
 
# Relay interface device for relay sockets (optional, Linux only).
# NOT RECOMMENDED.
#
#relay-device=eth1
 
# Relay address (the local IP address that will be used to relay the 
# packets to the peer).
# Multiple relay addresses may be used.
# The same IP(s) can be used as both listening IP(s) and relay IP(s).
#
# If no relay IP(s) specified, then the turnserver will apply the default
# policy: it will decide itself which relay addresses to be used, and it 
# will always be using the client socket IP address as the relay IP address
# of the TURN session (if the requested relay address family is the same
# as the family of the client socket).
#
#relay-ip=101.200.12.36
relay-ip=<外网IP>
#relay-ip=2607:f0d0:1002:51::5
 
# For Amazon EC2 users:
#
# TURN Server public/private address mapping, if the server is behind NAT.
# In that situation, if a -X is used in form "-X <ip>" then that ip will be reported
# as relay IP address of all allocations. This scenario works only in a simple case
# when one single relay address is be used, and no RFC5780 functionality is required.
# That single relay address must be mapped by NAT to the 'external' IP.
# The "external-ip" value, if not empty, is returned in XOR-RELAYED-ADDRESS field.
# For that 'external' IP, NAT must forward ports directly (relayed port 12345
# must be always mapped to the same 'external' port 12345).
#
# In more complex case when more than one IP address is involved,
# that option must be used several times, each entry must
# have form "-X <public-ip/private-ip>", to map all involved addresses.
# RFC5780 NAT discovery STUN functionality will work correctly,
# if the addresses are mapped properly, even when the TURN server itself 
# is behind A NAT.
#
# By default, this value is empty, and no address mapping is used.
#
external-ip=<外网IP>
#
#OR:
#
#external-ip=60.70.80.91/172.17.19.101
#external-ip=60.70.80.92/172.17.19.102
 
 
# Number of relay threads to handle the established connections
# (in addition to authentication thread and the listener thread).
# If set to 0 then application runs relay process in a single thread,
# in the same thread with the listener process (the authentication thread will 
# still be a separate thread).
#
# In the older systems (Linux kernel before 3.9),
# the number of UDP threads is always one thread per network listening endpoint - 
# including the auxiliary endpoints - unless 0 (zero) or 1 (one) value is set.
#
#relay-threads=0
 
# Lower and upper bounds of the UDP relay endpoints:
# (default values are 49152 and 65535)
#
#min-port=49152
#max-port=65535
 
# Uncomment to run TURN server in 'normal' 'moderate' verbose mode.
# By default the verbose mode is off.
verbose
 
# Uncomment to run TURN server in 'extra' verbose mode.
# This mode is very annoying and produces lots of output.
# Not recommended under any normal circumstances.
#
#Verbose
 
# Uncomment to use fingerprints in the TURN messages.
# By default the fingerprints are off.
#
#fingerprint
 
# Uncomment to use long-term credential mechanism.
# By default no credentials mechanism is used (any user allowed).
# This option can be used with either flat file user database or 
# PostgreSQL DB or MySQL DB or Redis DB for user keys storage.
#
lt-cred-mech
 
# Uncomment to use short-term credential mechanism.
# By default no credentials mechanism is used (any user allowed).
# For short-term credential mechanism you have to use PostgreSQL or 
# MySQL or Redis database for user password storage.
#
#st-cred-mech
 
# This option is opposite to lt-cred-mech or st-cred-mech. 
# (TURN Server with no-auth option allows anonymous access).
# If neither option is defined, and no users are defined,
# then no-auth is default. If at least one user is defined, 
# in this file or in command line or in usersdb file, then
# lt-cred-mech is default.
#
#no-auth
 
# TURN REST API flag.
# Flag that sets a special authorization option that is based upon authentication secret.
# This feature can be used with the long-term authentication mechanism, only.
# This feature purpose is to support "TURN Server REST API", see
# "TURN REST API" link in the project's page 
# http://code.google.com/p/rfc5766-turn-server/.
#
# This option is used with timestamp:
# 
# usercombo -> "timestamp:userid"
# turn user -> usercombo
# turn password -> base64(hmac(secret key, usercombo))
#
# This allows TURN credentials to be accounted for a specific user id.
# If you don't have a suitable id, the timestamp alone can be used.
# This option is just turning on secret-based authentication.
# The actual value of the secret is defined either by option static-auth-secret,
# or can be found in the turn_secret table in the database (see below).
# 
#use-auth-secret
 
# 'Static' authentication secret value (a string) for TURN REST API only. 
# If not set, then the turn server
# will try to use the 'dynamic' value in turn_secret table
# in user database (if present). The database-stored  value can be changed on-the-fly
# by a separate program, so this is why that other mode is 'dynamic'.
#
#static-auth-secret 
 
# 'Static' user accounts for long term credentials mechanism, only.
# This option cannot be used with TURN REST API or with short-term credentials
# mechanism.
# 'Static' user accounts are NOT dynamically checked by the turnserver process, 
# so that they can NOT be changed while the turnserver is running.
#
#user=username1:key1
#user=username2:key2
# OR:
#user=username1:password1
#user=username2:password2
 
user=<用户名>:<用户的Key或密码也可以使用DB动态的配置>
#
#account_method="file"
#account_file="/home/debug/coturn/turnusers.txt"
 
# Keys must be generated by turnadmin utility. The key value depends
# on user name, realm, and password:
#
# Example:
# $ turnadmin -k -u ninefingers -r north.gov -p youhavetoberealistic
# Output: 0xbc807ee29df3c9ffa736523fb2c4e8ee
# ('0x' in the beginning of the key is what differentiates the key from
# password. If it has 0x then it is a key, otherwise it is a password).
#
# The corresponding user account entry in the config file will be:
# 
#user=ninefingers:0xbc807ee29df3c9ffa736523fb2c4e8ee
# Or, equivalently, with open clear password (less secure):
#user=ninefingers:youhavetoberealistic
#
 
# 'Dynamic' user accounts database file name.
# Only users for long-term mechanism can be stored in a flat file,
# short-term mechanism will not work with option, the short-term
# mechanism required PostgreSQL or MySQL or Redis database.
# 'Dynamic' long-term user accounts are dynamically checked by the turnserver process, 
# so that they can be changed while the turnserver is running.
#
# Default file name is turnuserdb.conf.
# 
#userdb=/usr/local/etc/turnuserdb.conf
 
# PostgreSQL database connection string in the case that we are using PostgreSQL
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term and short-term credential mechanisms
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API. 
# See http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.4/static/libpq-connect.html for 8.x PostgreSQL
# versions connection string format, see 
# http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.2/static/libpq-connect.html#LIBPQ-CONNSTRING
# for 9.x and newer connection string formats.
#
#psql-userdb="host=<host> dbname=<database-name> user=<database-user> password=<database-user-password> connect_timeout=30"
 
# MySQL database connection string in the case that we are using MySQL
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term and short-term credential mechanisms
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API. 
# Use string format as below (space separated parameters, all optional):
#
#mysql-userdb="host=<host> dbname=<database-name> user=<database-user> password=<database-user-password> port=<port> connect_timeout=<seconds>"
# mysql-userdb="host=localhost dbname=coturn user=root password=mysql1 port=3306 connect_timeout=30"
 
 
# Redis database connection string in the case that we are using Redis
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term and short-term credential mechanisms
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API. 
# Use string format as below (space separated parameters, all optional):
#
redis-userdb="ip=<ip-address> dbname=<database-number> password=<database-user-password> port=<port> connect_timeout=<seconds可以设置为30>"
 
# Redis status and statistics database connection string, if used (default - empty, no Redis stats DB used).
# This database keeps allocations status information, and it can be also used for publishing
# and delivering traffic and allocation event notifications.
# The connection string has the same parameters as redis-userdb connection string. 
# Use string format as below (space separated parameters, all optional):
#
#redis-statsdb="ip=<ip-address> dbname=<database-number> password=<database-user-password> port=<port> connect_timeout=<seconds>"
 
# Realm for long-term credentials mechanism and for TURN REST API.
#
#realm=coturn.com
realm=<如果是使用key的方式配置用户此处就必须配置生成Key时使用参数>
 
# Per-user allocation quota.
# default value is 0 (no quota, unlimited number of sessions per user).
#
#user-quota=0
 
# Total allocation quota.
# default value is 0 (no quota).
#
#total-quota=0
 
# Max bytes-per-second bandwidth a TURN session is allowed to handle
# (input and output network streams are treated separately). Anything above
# that limit will be dropped or temporary suppressed (within
# the available buffer limits).
#
#max-bps=0
 
# Uncomment if no UDP client listener is desired.
# By default UDP client listener is always started.
#
#no-udp
 
# Uncomment if no TCP client listener is desired.
# By default TCP client listener is always started.
#
#no-tcp
 
# Uncomment if no TLS client listener is desired.
# By default TLS client listener is always started.
#
#no-tls
 
# Uncomment if no DTLS client listener is desired.
# By default DTLS client listener is always started.
#
#no-dtls
 
# Uncomment if no UDP relay endpoints are allowed.
# By default UDP relay endpoints are enabled (like in RFC 5766).
#
#no-udp-relay
 
# Uncomment if no TCP relay endpoints are allowed.
# By default TCP relay endpoints are enabled (like in RFC 6062).
#
#no-tcp-relay
 
# Uncomment if extra security is desired,
# with nonce value having limited lifetime (600 secs).
# By default, the nonce value is unique for a session,
# but it has unlimited lifetime. With this option,
# the nonce lifetime is limited to 600 seconds, after that 
# the client will get 438 error and will have to re-authenticate itself.
# 修改回话永不超时
stale-nonce
 
# Certificate file.
# Use an absolute path or path relative to the 
# configuration file.
#
#cert=/usr/local/etc/turn_server_cert.pem
 
# Private key file.
# Use an absolute path or path relative to the 
# configuration file.
# Use PEM file format.
#
#pkey=/usr/local/etc/turn_server_pkey.pem
 
# Private key file password, if it is in encoded format.
# This option has no default value.
#
#pkey-pwd=...
 
# Allowed OpenSSL cipher list for TLS/DTLS connections.
# Default value is "DEFAULT".
#
#cipher-list="DEFAULT"
 
# CA file in OpenSSL format. 
# Forces TURN server to verify the client SSL certificates.
# By default it is not set: there is no default value and the client
# certificate is not checked.
#
# Example:
#CA-file=/etc/ssh/id_rsa.cert
 
# Curve name for EC ciphers, if supported by OpenSSL library (TLS and DTLS).
# The default value is prime256v1.
#
#ec-curve-name=prime256v1
 
# Use 566 bits predefined DH TLS key. Default size of the key is 1066.
#
#dh566
 
# Use 2066 bits predefined DH TLS key. Default size of the key is 1066.
#
#dh2066
 
# Use custom DH TLS key, stored in PEM format in the file.
# Flags --dh566 and --dh2066 are ignored when the DH key is taken from a file.
#
#dh-file=<DH-PEM-file-name>
 
# Flag to prevent stdout log messages.
# By default, all log messages are going to both stdout and to 
# the configured log file. With this option everything will be 
# going to the configured log only (unless the log file itself is stdout).
#
#no-stdout-log
 
# Option to set the log file name.
# By default, the turnserver tries to open a log file in 
# /var/log, /var/tmp, /tmp and current directories directories
# (which open operation succeeds first that file will be used).
# With this option you can set the definite log file name.
# The special names are "stdout" and "-" - they will force everything 
# to the stdout. Also, the "syslog" name will force everything to
# the system log (syslog). 
# In the runtime, the logfile can be reset with the SIGHUP signal 
# to the turnserver process.
#
log-file=/var/tmp/turn.log
 
# Option to redirect all log output into system log (syslog).
#
#syslog
 
# This flag means that no log file rollover will be used, and the log file
# name will be constructed as-is, without PID and date appendage.
#simple-log
 
# Option to set the "redirection" mode. The value of this option
# will be the address of the alternate server for UDP & TCP service in form of 
# <ip>[:<port>]. The server will send this value in the attribute
# ALTERNATE-SERVER, with error 300, on ALLOCATE request, to the client.
# Client will receive only values with the same address family
# as the client network endpoint address family. 
# See RFC 5389 and RFC 5766 for ALTERNATE-SERVER functionality description. 
# The client must use the obtained value for subsequent TURN communications.
# If more than one --alternate-server options are provided, then the functionality
# can be more accurately described as "load-balancing" than a mere "redirection". 
# If the port number is omitted, then the default port 
# number 3478 for the UDP/TCP protocols will be used.
# Colon (:) characters in IPv6 addresses may conflict with the syntax of 
# the option. To alleviate this conflict, literal IPv6 addresses are enclosed 
# in square brackets in such resource identifiers, for example: 
# [2001:db8:85a3:8d3:1319:8a2e:370:7348]:3478 . 
# Multiple alternate servers can be set. They will be used in the
# round-robin manner. All servers in the pool are considered of equal weight and 
# the load will be distributed equally. For example, if we have 4 alternate servers, 
# then each server will receive 25% of ALLOCATE requests. A alternate TURN server 
# address can be used more than one time with the alternate-server option, so this 
# can emulate "weighting" of the servers.
#
# Examples: 
#alternate-server=1.2.3.4:5678
#alternate-server=11.22.33.44:56789
#alternate-server=5.6.7.8
#alternate-server=[2001:db8:85a3:8d3:1319:8a2e:370:7348]:3478
 
# Option to set alternative server for TLS & DTLS services in form of 
# <ip>:<port>. If the port number is omitted, then the default port 
# number 5349 for the TLS/DTLS protocols will be used. See the previous 
# option for the functionality description.
#
# Examples: 
#tls-alternate-server=1.2.3.4:5678
#tls-alternate-server=11.22.33.44:56789
#tls-alternate-server=[2001:db8:85a3:8d3:1319:8a2e:370:7348]:3478
 
# Option to suppress TURN functionality, only STUN requests will be processed.
# Run as STUN server only, all TURN requests will be ignored.
# By default, this option is NOT set.
#
#stun-only
 
# Option to suppress STUN functionality, only TURN requests will be processed.
# Run as TURN server only, all STUN requests will be ignored.
# By default, this option is NOT set.
#
#no-stun
 
# This is the timestamp/username separator symbol (character) in TURN REST API.
# The default value is ':'.
# rest-api-separator=:
 
# Flag that can be used to disallow peers on the loopback addresses (127.x.x.x and ::1).
# This is an extra security measure.
#
#no-loopback-peers
 
# Flag that can be used to disallow peers on well-known broadcast addresses (224.0.0.0 and above, and FFXX:*).
# This is an extra security measure.
#
#no-multicast-peers
 
# Option to set the max time, in seconds, allowed for full allocation establishment. 
# Default is 60 seconds.
#
#max-allocate-timeout=60
 
# Option to allow or ban specific ip addresses or ranges of ip addresses. 
# If an ip address is specified as both allowed and denied, then the ip address is 
# considered to be allowed. This is useful when you wish to ban a range of ip 
# addresses, except for a few specific ips within that range.
#
# This can be used when you do not want users of the turn server to be able to access
# machines reachable by the turn server, but would otherwise be unreachable from the 
# internet (e.g. when the turn server is sitting behind a NAT)
#
# Examples:
# denied-peer-ip=83.166.64.0-83.166.95.255
# allowed-peer-ip=83.166.68.45
 
# File name to store the pid of the process.
# Default is /var/run/turnserver.pid (if superuser account is used) or
# /var/tmp/turnserver.pid .
#
#pidfile="/var/run/turnserver.pid"
 
# Require authentication of the STUN Binding request.
# By default, the clients are allowed anonymous access to the STUN Binding functionality.
#
#secure-stun
 
# Require SHA256 digest function to be used for the message integrity.
# By default, the server uses SHA1 (as per TURN standard specs). 
# With this option, the server 
# always requires the stronger SHA256 function. The client application
# must support SHA256 hash function if this option is used. If the server obtains 
# a message from the client with a weaker (SHA1) hash function then the 
# server returns error code 426.
#
#sha256
 
# Mobility with ICE (MICE) specs support.
#
#mobility
 
# User name to run the process. After the initialization, the turnserver process
# will make an attempt to change the current user ID to that user.
#
#proc-user=<user-name>
 
# Group name to run the process. After the initialization, the turnserver process
# will make an attempt to change the current group ID to that group.
#
#proc-group=<group-name>
 
# Turn OFF the CLI support.
# By default it is always ON.
# See also options cli-ip and cli-port.
#
#no-cli
 
#Local system IP address to be used for CLI server endpoint. Default value
# is 127.0.0.1.
#
#cli-ip=127.0.0.1
 
# CLI server port. Default is 5766.
#
#cli-port=5766
 
# CLI access password. Default is empty (no password).
#
#cli-password=logen
 
# Server relay. NON-STANDARD AND DANGEROUS OPTION. 
# Only for those applications when we want to run 
# server applications on the relay endpoints.
# This option eliminates the IP permissions check on 
# the packets incoming to the relay endpoints.
#
#server-relay
 
# Maximum number of output sessions in ps CLI command.
# This value can be changed on-the-fly in CLI. The default value is 256.
#
#cli-max-output-sessions
 
# Set network engine type for the process (for internal purposes).
#
#ne=[1|2|3]
 
# Do not allow an SSL/TLS version of protocol
#
#no-sslv2
#no-sslv3
#no-tlsv1
#no-tlsv1_1
#no-tlsv1_2